Oligozoospermia is a disease characterized by a low sperm count in the semen in men. According to statistics, oligozoospermia is one of the most common causes of male infertility. However, even with such a diagnosis, a man has a chance to conceive a child. In addition, quite often the causes of oligozoospermia are easy to eliminate. The specialists of our clinic have modern technologies and have extensive experience in the treatment of oligozoospermia of various origins and the restoration of reproductive function in men.
It is believed that 1 ml of sperm of a healthy man capable of conceiving should contain at least 50-70 million sperm (according to some experts, 15-30 million). Among them, there will be mature and mobile "specimens" capable of reaching the egg and fertilizing it. A man whose spermogram revealed such a number of sperm is diagnosed with normozoospermic. If the sperm count is less than 15 million - the doctor will most likely diagnose grade 1 oligozoospermia - in this case, the chances of conceiving a child remain but decrease by about 60%. If the number of sperm in 1 ml of semen is less than 10 million, then we are talking about grade 2 oligozoospermia. Here the chances of conception do not exceed 10% (when compared with a healthy man). Less than 3 million sperm in 1 ml of seminal fluid is oligozoospermia, respectively, 3 and 4 degrees. Even in this case, the probability of conception remains but does not exceed 2%. Therefore, it is better not to rely on chance, but to undergo a course of treatment. First, the specialist finds out the causes of the disease.
Diseases of the genital organs - inflammation, infection, pathology. Many of them can be asymptomatic, affecting the male reproductive function. In most cases, to eliminate these diseases, it is enough to undergo a medical course of treatment, after which the amount of sperm in the semen will be restored
The consequence of diseases of the genital organs can be adhesions, cysts, and other pathologies that disrupt the patency of the seminal canals. It may require surgery to restore it. In our clinic, operations of this kind are performed
A decrease in sperm count may be due to hormonal disruption. In this case, the doctor will identify the causes of hormonal imbalance and prescribe medications to restore it
Genetic diseases - if the body does not produce the required amount of sperm as a result of congenital genetic pathologies, specialists will be able to offer IVF conception
Environmental influences and poor lifestyle choices: Improper diet, excessive exercise, sauna addiction, excessive alcohol consumption, etc., can reduce sperm counts (as well as their quality).
In order to identify this disease, it is enough to make an ordinary spermogram (examination of semen under a microscope). As a rule, to clarify the diagnosis, a spermogram is done not once, but two or three times. At least two weeks should elapse between each examination. On the eve of the delivery of seminal fluid, a man is asked to refrain from having sex, drinking alcohol, going to the bathhouse and sauna.
In our clinic, in addition to microscopic examination, a computer study of semen is carried out. This allows you to determine not only the quantity, but also the quality of sperm: the level of maturity, motility, and other parameters. Indeed, in addition to oligozoospermia, common causes of male infertility are asthenozoospermia (a decrease in the number of motile sperm in the seminal fluid) and teratozoospermia (an increased content of pathological spermatozoa). Often these diseases accompany each other, and men who have problems with conception are forced to undergo several studies to diagnose them. In our clinic, it is enough to undergo only one study to identify all the causes of infertility.
The course of treatment is prescribed after diagnosis and identification of the causes of oligozoospermia. In some cases, it is enough for a man to adjust his lifestyle and diet. If a low sperm count is a consequence of a disease, then the doctor will first take care of it, and after a course of therapy, he will ask for tests and another spermogram. If the cause is obstruction of the seminal ducts, surgery may be required. There are many treatments for male infertility, but they are all aimed at helping to restore the reproductive function of the male body and conceive a healthy child.